Olive references abound in Greece. And with good reason. According to legend, Poseidon, god of the sea, and Athena, goddess of wisdom, were challenged to see which could provide the citizens of a newly formed city in Attica with the most precious gift. Poseidon struck a rock with his trident and, as water rushed out, out ran a horse. Next Athena struck the rock with her spear and the first olive tree appeared at the gates of the Acropolis. Residents of the new city declared her the winner and declared themselves Athenians for life.